|The solid proof- literally!|
To start off, a fat is a common term for lipids and includes fats and oils. At room temperatures most fats are solids and oils are liquid (think butter and lard vs. olive oil). Many of us have heard of saturated fats, trans fats, and unsaturated fats but don't really know what they are or where they come from.
- Saturated Fats- These occur naturally in foods that come from animal products such as red meat and dairy products. Many of the fatty meats, bacon, and chops, poultry with the skin on, cream, butter cheese and whole fat dairy products also contain dietary cholesterol. Some plant oils such as palm oil and coconut oil also contain saturated fats but not dietary cholesterol. A diet high in saturated fats leads to obesity, cardiovascular and heart diseases, high cholesterol, high blood pressure.
- Trans Fats- Trans fat raises your LDL cholesterol and lower your HDL cholesterol. Additionally, consuming foods that contain trans fats increases your risk of developing heart disease and stroke. While they are deadly, food companies hide them in their ingredients list so another name for trans fats are partially hydrogenated oil. Limit your consumption of fried foods, baked good, pizza, pizza dough, cookies, crackers, stick margarine, and shortenings.
- Monounsaturated Fats- Monounsaturated fats provide nutrients to help develop and maintain your body's cell and are high in vitamin E, an important antioxidant. You can find these good fats in olive oils, canola oil, peanut oil, and sources such as avocados, peanut butter, and many nuts and seeds.
- Polyunsaturated Fats- When eaten in moderation, polyunsaturated fats have beneficial effects on your health due to their ability to reduce cholesterol levels in your blood and lower your risk of heart disease. Foods sources include fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, herring, and trout, and nuts and seeds.
-Eating Clean in College